Build a Gaming PC – Complete Guide
The main reason why people prefer a gaming PC over a console is customizability and attention to detail. However, pre-built gaming PCs take away your freedom by providing everything pre-installed in the setup. Moreover, pre-built gaming PCs are more expensive than building a gaming PC yourself.
Related: Best Gaming Pc Under 1000$
- List of Parts you Need
- Gaming PC Cases – Best Sellers
- What tools do I need to assemble a computer?
- How do I know which components are compatible with my motherboard?
- How do I install a processor onto the motherboard?
- How do I install memory modules into the motherboard?
- How do I install a power supply unit (PSU)?
- How do I install a graphics card?
- How do I install storage drives?
- How do I install an optical drive?
- How do I connect the front panel connectors to the motherboard?
- How do I ensure that everything is securely installed and connected?
Building a gaming PC is a simple task that dreads most users. In my opinion, modern PC build is a simple job that only requires ordering the right components and having them delivered to your doorstep. Lastly, the satisfaction you get once the PC is all set up is out of this world. However, it is best to have knowledge about the parts needed to build a gaming PC, so this article is here to help you out.
List of Parts you Need
Accessories you Need
Now I will provide a short description of each part and some details of which specifications are best for you.
The PC Case is the first in every list of PC components. All your special hardware is stored and assembled in the case. Moreover, the PC case is also responsible for the protection of the hardware along with proper ventilation. However, some PC cases are designed in such a way that only selected hardware can fit in them. For instance, an E-ATX motherboard or a large PSU can’t fit in a small ATX PC case.
Related: Micro ATX vs Mini ATX vs ATX
Therefore, it is important to check the size and compatibility of your hardware before choosing the PC case for your gaming build (Types of PC Cases). Moreover, modern PCs have to look beautiful to display their power. So, an extra see-through side of the PC case and some RGBs will only add to the beauty and popularity of your build.
A motherboard is the most important component of any PC build. All your hardware is powered and controlled by the motherboard. So, it is important to check whether or not all the components are compatible with the motherboard. For example, Intel and AMD processors have different sockets and chip technology. Intel processors use LGA-type processor sockets, while the AM4 architecture is suitable for AMD or Ryzen processors.
Similarly, some motherboards support Crossfire technology for AMD GPUs, and Nvidia graphics cards require SLI technology for a dual-GPU setup. Similarly, some motherboards support overclocking as they have advanced power control and temperature management systems. In short, it is best to check the compatibility of each PC part before ordering a motherboard.
Power Supply (PSU)
A power supply unit or PSU is yet another crucial element that defines the power of your gaming PC. It is the component that provides the optimum power supply to all your PC components. Thus, it prevents any of the system components from being underpowered or overpowered at any instance. Nothing in your system will work unless you have a suitable power supply installed on the computer.
The maximum power output of your PSU is measured in Watts. Therefore, it is best to calculate the power requirements of all your PC components before purchasing a power supply. Usually, a 550W to 650W power supply is more than sufficient for powering a dual-GPU modern gaming PC.
Related: PSU Tier List
A processor or CPU is the brain of any computer. It calculates and processes all the information that your gaming PC needs to function. The power of a processor is measured in MHz or GHz. Modern processors like the Intel Core i7 (Best Motherboard for Core i7 8700k) or AMD Ryzen 9 have the highest processing power. However, different processors require different sockets to fit and function correctly. In this regard, Intel processors use LGA architecture, and AMD processors use an AM4 architecture. In any case, it is important to know which socket is supported by your motherboard, along with the maximum processing power that you will need for the games.
Random Access Memory or RAM is a short-term, high-speed memory of the PC. It temporarily stores all the vital information that your PC needs to function. The more system memory you have, the faster your PC will function. So, it won’t be wrong to say the RAM is yet another one of the important parts needed to build a gaming PC. Moreover, the data transfer rate of the RAM is as important as its storage capacity.
Therefore, it would be wise to consider both these factors and the DDR3 or DDR4 technology of the memory. Lastly, most gaming RAMs have built-in RGBs that enhance the aesthetics of your gaming PC.
A PC storage is very different from RAM. For instance, the RAM is a short-term memory that only the system can access. On the contrary, system storage devices like HDD and SSD drives are user storage devices that both user and the system can view.
The data transfer speed of the storage greatly speeds up the read/write speed of your system, thus making it incredibly fast. Nowadays, most gaming PCs use a combination of SSDs and HDDs. The SSD is used for high-speed data access like the Operating system and gaming.
At the same time, HDD is used to store everything else on your computer. In most cases, a 256-GBs SSD and a 1-2TB HDD are more than enough to store all your important data.
Graphics card or Graphics Processing Unit GPU is gradually becoming the most important component of any gaming PC build. It is the device responsible for processing and displaying the visual data on your monitor. High-storage and fast speed is the to any successful GPU.
Moreover, different cards are designed to enhance the usability of different tasks. For instance, the Nvidia GTX or RTX series is specially designed for gaming and entertainment. Similarly, the Nvidia Quadro series is best suitable for designing and rendering. In any case, it is important to know your requirements before choosing a modern graphics card like the new RTX 3090.
CPU and other components of your gaming PC generate an immense amount of heat. The components cease to function properly if they overheat. Therefore, you need a good cooling system along with adequate airflow throughout the CPU. In this regard, you need a series of cooling fans to push hot air out of the system and bring in fresh, cold air.
Related:** Reduce CPU usage while Gaming**
Similarly, modern gaming PCs use a water cooling system that radiates heat away from the system to make it cool. A properly cooled gaming PC functions faster and is much more stable than others. So, it is best to calculate the maximum heat output of your system and design a system cooling system accordingly. Moreover, some cooling fans have built-in RGBs that you can control with a remote or via a smartphone app.
Gaming PCs are more popular than gaming consoles as they are customizable, upgradeable, and can play several AAA titles. However, it is best to build a gaming PC yourself rather than buy a pre-built PC. It is much expensive, and you don’t have control over what goes into the build. Therefore, this article provides a detailed description of all the parts needed to build a gaming PC; I hope you find it useful and interesting.
Gaming PC Cases – Best Sellers
- Combining innovative cable management, concentrated airflow, and proven CORSAIR build quality, the 4000D is a fitting choice for an immaculate high-performance PC..Maximum PSU Length : 220. Radiator Compatibility : 120mm, 140mm, 240mm, 280mm, 360mm.
- The CORSAIR RapidRoute cable management system makes it simple and fast to route your major cables through a single channel, with a roomy 25mm of space behind the motherboard for all of your cables.
- Includes two CORSAIR 120mm AirGuide fans, utilizing anti-vortex vanes to concentrate airflow and enhance cooling. Motherboard will fit in our 4000 Series cases without any issue. Mini-ITX, micro-ATX, ATX, and E-ATX form factor motherboards are all supported.
- Panoramic Views: No corner pillar. The Y60 features a 3-piece panoramic tempered glass design for the ultimate photo and display potential. See your build the way it was meant to be seen from the left or right side of your desk with a simple turn.
- Exclusively Vertical GPU Mounted: Why would you want to see your graphics card any other way?
- Included PCIE 4.0 Riser Cable: A protective riser cable canopy integrates beautifully into the case, allowing for half-height PCIE cards behind the throne of the vertical graphics card. The protective shroud is the first of its kind, made specifically for the Y60.
- Extremely Spacious Room For the Gaming System: Up to 240mm liquid cooling radiator on the top, 140/120mm AIO cooler at the rear, 3x 120mm fans and 340mm long graphics card, high CPU cooler up to 190 mm, additional 2.5″ SSD trays at the back panel, and easy-access dust filters on the top
- Excellent Air Flow to Keep Your PC at a Low Temperature: The Mid Tower ATX PC Case is allowed to upgrade for Top: 2 x 120mm, 2 x 140mm computer case fans; Front: 3 x 120mm, 2 x 140mm; Rear: 1 x 140/120mm for outstanding ventilation. With AIO coolers up to 360mm for the front, it’s the best gaming case to keep your PC temperature low for the best gaming experience
- Innovative and Cutting Edge Front Panel Design: Gamdias Mid Tower Case with innovative front RGB lighting panel with mixed glossy and matte black design brings the gaming PC chassis market a different and elegant design choice and makes your system builds astonishing
What tools do I need to assemble a computer?
You will need a Phillips-head screwdriver, an anti-static wrist strap, and possibly a pair of needle-nose pliers.
How do I know which components are compatible with my motherboard?
You should check the motherboard’s specifications to see which processors and memory modules it supports, and ensure that any other components you purchase, such as graphics cards and storage drives, are also compatible.
How do I install a processor onto the motherboard?
First, unlock the processor socket by lifting the lever on the side. Gently lift the load plate, being careful not to touch the bottom of the socket. Carefully align the processor with the socket, making sure the triangle on the processor lines up with the triangle on the socket. Lower the processor into the socket and press it down firmly until it snaps into place. Finally, close the load plate and lock the lever.
How do I install memory modules into the motherboard?
Locate the memory slots on the motherboard and unlock any latches or levers that hold the modules in place. Align the notch on the module with the slot and gently press it into place. The module should snap into place when it is fully seated. Repeat the process for any additional modules.
How do I install a power supply unit (PSU)?
First, locate the mounting screws on the back of the case and the corresponding holes on the PSU. Attach the PSU to the case using the screws. Next, connect the PSU cables to the appropriate components in the case, such as the motherboard, graphics card, and storage drives.
How do I install a graphics card?
First, remove the expansion slot cover from the back of the case and set it aside. Next, locate the PCI-Express slot on the motherboard and gently insert the graphics card into the slot, making sure it is fully seated. Secure the card in place using the screw and retention bracket provided. Finally, connect any necessary power cables from the PSU to the graphics card.
How do I install storage drives?
There are several types of storage drives, including hard drives and solid-state drives. To install a hard drive, locate the drive bays in the case and remove any screws or brackets that are blocking access. Carefully slide the drive into the bay and secure it in place using the screws or brackets. To install a solid-state drive, locate the appropriate slot on the motherboard and gently insert the drive, making sure it is fully seated.
How do I install an optical drive?
First, locate the drive bay for the optical drive in the case and remove any screws or brackets that are blocking access. Carefully slide the drive into the bay and secure it in place using the screws or brackets. Next, connect the SATA data cable and power cable from the drive to the motherboard and PSU.
How do I connect the front panel connectors to the motherboard?
The front panel connectors include the power button, reset button, and LED indicators for power and activity. These connectors are typically labeled on both the motherboard and the case. Match the connectors from the case to the appropriate headers on the motherboard and carefully connect them.
How do I ensure that everything is securely installed and connected?
Double-check that all components are securely seated in their respective slots or connectors and that all cables are properly connected. Make sure all screws are tightened and that there are no loose components inside the case. Finally, power on the computer and check for any error messages or issues during the boot process.
Last update on 2023-07-23 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising APIGaming techies is supported by it's awesome community, using the amazon affiliate links on our website helps keeps the lights on! at no additional cost to you.